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STRESSIn a matter of a few decades, stress has become one of the major afflictions of our civilisation, not only in terms of the individual but also in terms of society as a whole. Almost 600 million working days are lost every year in the European Union due to stress.
Although the use of the term 'stress' has become trivialised, it refers to a very complex notion which is difficult to specify as it lies at a crossroads between biology and psychology.
It can be defined as a set of physiological and psychological reactions resulting from a demand or pressure from the environment which requires an a effort of adaptation.
Since man has existed, he has always been exposed to stress, given that at all times he has had to face situations likely to generate reactions requiring the organism to adapt in order to preserve its internal balance. A certain level of stress is therefore necessary, if not to say stimulating, for certain types of personalities.
The problem is therefore not the existence of stress, but rather that ofexceeding a certain threshold beyond which it can become dangerous for our mental and psychical balance.
There are very many factors which generate stress: they can come from the environment (noise, heat, cold, viruses..), or from the family, professional or social milieu.
These factors will trigger nervous system and hormonal reactions in order to enable the organism to defend itself against the source of the aggression it feels: an increase of blood pressure, acceleration of heartbeat and breathing, rising sugar levels in the blood, alertness and muscular tonus.
However, if these stressing agents persist or repeat themselves too often, thereactions of defence become chronic and illness or psychosomatic disorders set in: fatigue, anxiety, heart trouble, high blood pressure, digestion problems, muscular tensions, and even alteration of the balance of the immune system.
Faced with a stressful environment, there are two options:
- finding a way to control the environment by modifying or avoiding it, but in reality, this is not always possible, especially in the professional situation,
- becoming less vulnerable to stress, by learning to master one's reactions to the events or situations which generate stress in the first place.
It is in relation to this second point, stress management, that the Tomatis method is of benefit. The Tomatis method sessions make it possible toacquire an adequate control over the reactions which cause stress, in spite of the repeated aggression which we can be subjected to.
Indeed, the Tomatis method can provide specific auditory training which will produce a durable effect of regulation and harmonisation, both on all of the physical tensions but also on energy resources. Thanks to the training it will then be possible to develop strategies of emotional and cognitive control which can be triggered when needed, in order to deal with any potentially difficult situation more serenely.
Thus, the purpose of these strategies of adaptation, which originate from a very specific remodelling of the listening function, is to reduce or eliminate stress by enabling people to perceive any situation or event up to then considered as a source of aggression differently and more positively.
A readjustment of this kind will consequently bring about an increase in efficiency or performance in all everyday activities.